Reading and Understanding Financial Reports are two different things for Board members

The difference between reading and understanding financial reports is profound. The board member or CEO who looks at the tables of numbers and is overcome by the mystery of what they mean, is a liability for the organisation. How much more valuable would they be if they could discern red flags for error or fraud, or understanding the impact of decisions being made now on the long-term viability of the organisation. 

Every member of the board holds an explicit fiduciary duty and is legally bound to be able to read and understand the financial reports. This duty extends to activity - doing something - to make decisions to ensure that the organisation is solvent, and will exist and be succesful long after they have retired.

Training for Board members can't be of any value if its offered as an hour workshop or webinar. One needs to get the basic concepts of how reports are constructed, and then building to the presentation and interpretation.

Accounting for Good delivers this type of training from time to time in Sydney, so shout out if you want to attend our next workshop, and if you are in Victoria, we recommend getting in touch with Non Profit Training who run an excellent series on this topic.  

$(document).ready(function() { $('#next1').click(function() { var orgname= $('#orgname').val(); var putorgname= $('.org_name').html(orgname); $('.org_name1').val(orgname); }); }); (function($) { $(function() { $(document).ready(function(){ //Client-supplied mystery meat constants var r2eRatioMin = 8; var r2eRatioMax = 22; var wcRatioMin = 0.2; var wcRatioMax = 3.2; var crRatioMin = 2; var crRatioMax = 12; var prRatioMin = 0; var prRatioMax = 10; var currentstep = '#step1'; $('#step2,#step3,#step4').hide(); $('.calcnav .next').addClass('disabled'); function safeVal(value) { value = value.replace('$',''); value = value.replace(/,/g,''); value = value.replace(' ',''); return value; } /**********************************************/ //NAV //When we click a nav link, show the div referenced by the href, which will be something like #step2 $('.calcnav a').click(function(e){ //Don't navigate if required fields are missing or the link is disabled if($(this).hasClass('disabled')){ return false; } if($(this).hasClass('.next') && !checkReq(currentstep)) { return false; } e.preventDefault(); var selector = $(this).attr('href'); if($(selector).length) { //we have a div to show //Fade out, then fade in the new div $.when($('.calcsection').fadeOut(500)).done(function() { $(selector).fadeIn(); currentstep = selector; if(currentstep == '#step4') { step4calc(); } }); } }); //.calcnav a.click() /************************************************/ function step1calc() { var v21 = parseInt( safeVal($('input[name="orgname"]').val()) ); var v1 = parseInt( safeVal($('input[name="bankaccounts"]').val()) ); var v2 = parseInt( safeVal($('input[name="currentassets"]').val()) ); var v3 = parseInt( safeVal($('input[name="fixedassets"]').val()) ); if(isNaN(v1) || isNaN(v2) || isNaN(v3)) { $('input[name="totalassets"]').val(''); $('#step1 .calcnav a.next').addClass('disabled'); return false; } $('#step1 .calcnav a.next').removeClass('disabled'); $('input[name="totalassets"]').val(v1 + v2 + v3); } //Add listeners for step 1 $('#step1 input').change(function(){ step1calc(); }); $('#step1 input').keyup(function(){ step1calc(); }); /**********************************************/ function step2calc() { var l1 = parseInt( safeVal($('input[name="creditors"]').val()) ); var l2 = parseInt( safeVal($('input[name="staffentitlements"]').val()) ); var l3 = parseInt( safeVal($('input[name="grants"]').val()) ); var l4 = parseInt( safeVal($('input[name="currentliabilities"]').val()) ); var l5 = parseInt( safeVal($('input[name="noncurrentliabilities"]').val()) ); if(isNaN(l1) || isNaN(l2) || isNaN(l3) || isNaN(l4) || isNaN(l5)) { $('input[name="totalliabilities"]').val(''); $('#step2 .calcnav a.next').addClass('disabled'); return false; } $('#step2 .calcnav a.next').removeClass('disabled'); $('input[name="totalliabilities"]').val(l1 + l2 + l3 + l4 + l5); var reserves = parseInt( safeVal($('input[name="totalassets"]').val()) ) - parseInt( safeVal($('input[name="totalliabilities"]').val()) ); $('input[name="reserves"]').val(reserves); } //Add listeners for step 2 $('#step2 input').change(function(){ step2calc(); }); $('#step2 input').keyup(function(){ step2calc(); }); /**********************************************/ function step3calc() { var a1 = parseInt( safeVal($('input[name="annualincome"]').val()) ); var a2 = parseInt( safeVal($('input[name="annualspend"]').val()) ); var a3 = parseInt( safeVal($('input[name="staffcosts"]').val()) ); if(isNaN(a1) || isNaN(a2) || isNaN(a3) ) { $('input[name="net"]').val(''); $('#step3 .calcnav a.next').addClass('disabled'); return false; } var net = a1 - a2 ;// - parseInt(a3) //total income - total costs $('#step3 .calcnav a.next').removeClass('disabled'); $('input[name="net"]').val(net); } //Add listeners for step 3 $('#step3 input').change(function(){ step3calc(); }); $('#step3 input').keyup(function(){ step3calc(); }); /**********************************************/ function step4calc() { var currentAssets = parseInt( safeVal($('input[name="bankaccounts"]').val()) ) + parseInt( safeVal($('input[name="currentassets"]').val()) ); var totalAssets = currentAssets + parseInt( safeVal($('input[name="fixedassets"]').val()) ); var currentLiabilities = parseInt( safeVal($('input[name="creditors"]').val()) ) + parseInt( safeVal($('input[name="staffentitlements"]').val()) ) + parseInt( safeVal($('input[name="grants"]').val()) ) + parseInt( safeVal($('input[name="currentliabilities"]').val()) ); var totalLiabilities = currentLiabilities + parseInt( safeVal($('input[name="noncurrentliabilities"]').val()) ); var reserves = totalAssets - totalLiabilities; var netSurplus = parseInt( safeVal($('input[name="annualincome"]').val()) ) - parseInt( safeVal($('input[name="annualspend"]').val()) ); //1 var ratio1 = parseInt( safeVal($('input[name="reserves"]').val()) ) / parseInt( safeVal($('input[name="annualspend"]').val()) ) * 100; var score1 = Math.round((((ratio1 - r2eRatioMin)/(r2eRatioMax-r2eRatioMin))*9+1)*10)/10; if(score1 < 0){ score1 = 0;} if(score1 > 10) { score1 = 10;} $('#score1').text(score1); $('#score1a').val(score1); $('#ratio1').text(ratio1.toFixed(1) + '%'); $('#ratio1a').val(ratio1.toFixed(1) + '%'); var status1 = '';var status1a = ''; if(ratio1 < 15) { status1 = 'bad';status1a = 'red'; } else if(ratio1 >= 15 && ratio1 < 18) { status1 = 'average';status1a = 'yellow'; } else if(ratio1 >= 18) { status1 = 'good'; status1a = 'green'; } $('#status1').addClass(status1); $('#status1a').val(status1a); //2 var ratio2 = 0; if(currentLiabilities <= 0){ ratio2 = 0; } else { ratio2 = currentAssets / currentLiabilities; } $('#ratio2').text(ratio2.toFixed(1)); $('#ratio2a').val(ratio2.toFixed(1)); var score2 = Math.round((((ratio2-wcRatioMin)/(wcRatioMax-wcRatioMin))*9+1)*10)/10; if(score2 < 0){ score2 = 0; } if(score2 > 10) { score2 = 10; } $('#score2').text(score2); $('#score2a').val(score2); var status2 = '';var status2a = ''; if(ratio2 < 1){ status2 = 'bad'; status2a = 'red'; } else if(ratio2 >= 1 && ratio2 < 2) { status2 = 'average'; status2a = 'yellow'; } else if(ratio2 >= 2) { status2 = 'good';status2a = 'green'; } $('#status2').addClass(status2); $('#status2a').val(status2a); //3 var totalExpenditure = parseInt( safeVal($('input[name="annualspend"]').val()) ); var weeklyExpenditure = totalExpenditure / 52; var ratio3 = 0; var bankAccounts = parseInt( safeVal($('input[name="bankaccounts"]').val()) ); var grants = parseInt( safeVal($('input[name="grants"]').val()) ); if (totalExpenditure == 0) { ratio3 = 0; } else { ratio3 = (bankAccounts - grants) / weeklyExpenditure; } $('#ratio3').text(ratio3.toFixed(1)); $('#ratio3a').val(ratio3.toFixed(1)); var score3 = Math.round((((ratio3-crRatioMin)/(crRatioMax-crRatioMin))*9+1)*10)/10; if(score3 < 0) { score3 = 0; } if(score3 > 10) { score3 = 10; } $('#score3').text(score3); $('#score3a').val(score3); var status3 = ''; var status3a = ''; if(score3 < 7) { status3 = 'bad'; status3a = 'red'; } else if(score3 >= 7 && score3 < 10) { status3 = 'average';status3a = 'yellow'; } else if(score3 >= 10) { status3 = 'good';status3a = 'green'; } $('#status3').addClass(status3); $('#status3a').val(status3a); //4 var profitmargin = 0; var totalincome = parseInt( safeVal($('input[name="annualincome"]').val()) ); if(totalincome > 0){ profitmargin = (totalincome - totalExpenditure) / totalincome * 100; } var ratio4 = profitmargin; $('#ratio4').text(ratio4.toFixed(1) + '%'); $('#ratio4a').val(ratio4.toFixed(1) + '%'); var score4 = Math.round((((profitmargin-prRatioMin)/(prRatioMax-prRatioMin))*10)*10)/10; if(score4 < 0) { score4 = 0; } if(score4 > 10) { score4 = 10; } $('#score4').text(score4); $('#score4a').val(score4); var status4a = ''; if(score4 < 1) { status4 = 'bad';status4a = 'red'; } else if(score4 >= 1 && score4 < 6) { status4 = 'average'; status4a = 'yellow'; } else if(score4 >= 6 ) { status4 = 'good';status4a = 'green'; } $('#status4').addClass(status4); $('#status4a').val(status4a); //5 var ratio5 = 0; var staffcosts = parseInt( safeVal($('input[name="staffcosts"]').val()) ); if(totalincome == 0) { ratio5 = 0; } else { ratio5 = staffcosts / totalincome; } $('#ratio5').text((ratio5 * 100).toFixed(1) + '%'); $('#ratio5a').val((ratio5 * 100).toFixed(1) + '%'); var score5 = 0; score5 = Math.round(((1-ratio5)*10+3)*10)/10; if(score5 < 0) { score5 = 0; } if(score5 > 10) { score5 = 10; } $('#score5').text(score5); $('#score5a').val(score5); ratio5 = ratio5 * 100; var status5 = '';var status5a = ''; if(ratio5 < 60) { status5 = 'bad'; status5a = 'red'; } else if (ratio5 >= 60 && ratio5 < 80) { status5 = 'average';status5a = 'yellow'; } else if(ratio5 >= 80) { status5 = 'good';status5a = 'green'; } $('#status5').addClass(status5); $('#status5a').val(status5a); //total var totalscore = parseFloat($('#score1').text()) + parseFloat($('#score2').text()) + parseFloat($('#score3').text()) + parseFloat($('#score4').text()) + parseFloat($('#score5').text()); $('#totalscore').text(totalscore); selector12(); return false; } function selector12() { $("#button").trigger('click'); //$("#button").click(); return false; } /**********************************************/ function checkReq(selector) { var proceed = true; $.each($(selector + ' input.required'),function() { if( $(this).val() == '' ) { proceed = false; } }); if(proceed == true) { return true; } else { return false; } } /***********************************************/ $('.helpicon').mouseover(function(e){ $(this).siblings('.helpcontent').css('top',e.pageY - 10); $(this).siblings('.helpcontent').css('left',e.pageX + 10); $(this).siblings('.helpcontent').show(); }); $('.helpicon').mouseout(function(){ $(this).siblings('.helpcontent').hide(); }); }); }); })(jQuery);